Image from page 112 of “Handbook of the marine and freshwater fishes of the British Islands : (including an enumeration of every species)” (1883) – more Marine Life goodness curated by www.SardineRunPE.co.za
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Title: Handbook of the marine and freshwater fishes of the British Islands : (including an enumeration of every species)
Year: 1883 (1880s)
Authors: Kent, W. Saville (William Saville), d. 1908 Holdsworth, Edmund Willam Hunt, 1829-1915. Apparatus for fishing Walpole, Spencer, Sir, 1839-1907. British fish trade Bertram, James Glass, 1824-1892. Unappreciated fisher folk, their round of life and labour Fryer, Charles Edward. Salmon fisheries
Subjects: Fisheries Fishes Fish trade
Publisher: London : W. Clowes and Sons
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library
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,after the manner of a huge crop. The surface thus dis-tended is armed with thickly-set defensive spines, lead-ing the way to the tropical Globe or Porcupine-fishes(Diodon), in which the entire body is beset with formidablespines, and distensible at will into a spheroidal form. Theinflated skins of these fish are largely used by the Chinesefor the purpose of making ornamental lanterns. Of thespecies known as Sun-fishes, included in the same family 104 MARINE AND FRESHWATER FISHES group, one variety, the Short Sun-fish (Orthagoriscus mold),No. 193, is not unfrequently taken during the summer andautumn months in British waters, the second form, or OblongSun-fish (0. truncatus), No. 194, being much more rare.Both species share the remarkable feature of having theposterior region abruptly truncated, resembling in thisrespect an ordinary fish cut in half; the tail is almostobliterated or reduced to a mere frill-like border, continuouswith which are produced from above and beneath the large
Text Appearing After Image:
FIG. 25.—SUN-FISH [Orthagoriscus truncatus). equal-sized dorsal and anal fins. Both species attain tolarge dimensions, a measurement of from six to eight feet,with a weight of several hundredweight, being frequentlyattained to. Casts of several fine specimens of the shortSun-fish (O. mold) will be found in the Buckland Museum.The colours of a young example of this species forwardedalive to the writer from Mevagissey, Cornwall, by Mr.Matthias Dunn, a few years since, were brilliant silvervariegated with irregular blotches and bands of flesh-pink. OF THE BRITISH ISLANDS. 105 ORDER ll.—Ganoidel Skeleton partly cartilaginous, partly ossified; the opticnerves forming a chiasma, not decussating ; the aortic bulbprovided with but a single row of valves ; the intestinewith a spiral valve ; branchiae free ; the gill cavity coveredby a gill-cover. FAMILY I.—Sturgeon Tribe (Acipenseridce). Skeleton partly cartilaginous ; the integument naked,or protected by osseous bucklers ; the caudal fi
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