Image from page 164 of “Lectures on public health : delivered in the lecture-hall of the Royal Dublin Society” (1874) – more Marine Life goodness curated by www.SardineRunPE.co.za
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Title: Lectures on public health : delivered in the lecture-hall of the Royal Dublin Society
Year: 1874 (1870s)
Authors: Royal Dublin Society
Subjects: Public health Public Health
Publisher: Dublin : Hodges, Foster
Contributing Library: Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine
Digitizing Sponsor: Open Knowledge Commons and Harvard Medical School
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Text Appearing Before Image:
18 years, suffer much from dust, or pouce,as it is called, in the Belfast flax mills; while those who donot begin work till they are adults, bear the dusty workvery well. Among others, what is called mill fever arises,and as it has a peculiar rash, and occurs but once in life, itis not unlike the eruptive fevers. At paper works, theteasing of the shoddy, at hemp dressers (a large industry inDublin), and at marine stores the picking of rags, create amost stifling and hurtful dust. This is also the case infeather stores, as the roguish rustics overweight their pluck-ings with lime and dust. The remedies for dusty trades are palpable enough. 1,To fllter the air by a respirator. This one, which I devisedmore than three years ago, was found very eflectual; but asthose who showed regard for health and life by wearing itwere laughed at by their fellow-workmen, it has beenabandoned. You see it consists of a wire gauze covering themouth and nose, lined by a layer of cotton wool, \ inch thick.
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If the lining be thicker it flushes and heats the wearer.It is held by a piece of wood caught between the teeth, andthus the nose, our natural respirator, must be used forbreathing. Mr. Pearson, of Ship-street, makes them for afew pence. If female workers wore bonnets or caps, withcrape strings fixed across the mouth, much dust would beexcluded. Dr. C. D. Purdon has invented a respirator,which Messrs. Grattan, of Belfast, sell for 13s. Qd. adozen. It is made of buckram and cotton wadding, and is 136 Lectures on Public HeallK held on by two loops of elastic round the ears. Excellentresults have followed its use in flax mills, potteries, and inWards great paper factory. 2. Ventilation by MKinnelstubes or Archimedean tops, which I show you, or otherspecial plans. Fine glass tubes are said to catch organicmatter from the air passing through them, and a combina-tion of such tubes might make a good ventilator betweenworkrooms. 3. The action of steam fans, which in largefactories have proved
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