Image from page 327 of “The world: historical and actual” (1886) – more Marine Life goodness curated by www.SardineRunPE.co.za
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Title: The world: historical and actual
Year: 1886 (1880s)
Authors: Gilbert, Frank, 1839-1899. [from old catalog]
Subjects: World history
Publisher: Chicago, Fairbanks & Palmer publishing co
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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Text Appearing Before Image:
AND THE PORTUGUESE. time a population of at least four hundred thou-sand. It was the chief center of trade betweenEurope and Africa. In laying siege to it the greatking had the genius and good fortune to secure theeffective alliance of the English, German andFlemish crusaders, just starting out for the SecondCrusade. It was a co-operation which enabled Al-fonso to attack by land and Avater, albeit he himselfhad no ships. In recognition of the service renderedby English allies an Englishman by the name of Not only did Alfonso I. maintain and enlargethe borders of Portugal, but he also laid the foun-dations of that maritime greatness which raisedthe Portuguese kingdom to its highest summit, andmay be said to constitute the one claim of the ra-tion to pre-eminence. He encouraged marine expe-ditions, conferring knighthood upon those who dis-tinguished themselves in that line. In this policyhe was impartial as between natives and foreigners.He sowed the seed of a bountiful harvest. Indeed,
Text Appearing After Image:
Gilbert was appointed first bishop of Lisbon. Itmay be added that Lisbon now has a population ofabout 250,000. In 1755 it suffered a most desolatingearthquake followed at once by a terrible conflagra-tion. Not less than 30,000 lives were lost. A por-tion of the present city antedates that calamity, butthe greater part of Lisbon was completely destroyed.The long reign of this first king of Portugal wasalmost constantly occupied with war. Sometimeshe was fighting neighboring Christians, sometimesadjacent Saracens, and sometimes Moors fromacross the Mediterranean. His final exploit was abold and successful sortie upon an army fromMorocco which had laid siege to Lisbon. it U hardly less to Portugal than to Spain that theworld owes the discovery of America, albeit thePortuguese court declined to render Columbus thesuccor he finally secured from the Queen of Castile.Had it not been for what Columbus did, saw andlearned at Lisbon the fire of discovery would neverhave been kindled in his brai
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