Image from page 338 of “American food and game fishes : a popular account of all the species found in America, north of the equator, with keys for ready identification, life histories and methods of capture” (1902) – more Marine Life goodness curated by www.SardineRunPE.co.za
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Title: American food and game fishes : a popular account of all the species found in America, north of the equator, with keys for ready identification, life histories and methods of capture
Year: 1902 (1900s)
Authors: Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931 Evermann, Barton Warren, 1853-1932
Publisher: New York : Doubleday, Page & Co.
Contributing Library: Robarts – University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Toronto
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together—some must fall a prey to the enemy; but somany hunting in company, it must be long before the pursuersabandon. From inspection we could scarcely judge the fish tobe capable of such flights, for the fins, though numerous, aresmall, and the pectoral far from large, though the angle of theirarticulation is well adapted to raise the fish by the direction oftheir motions, to the surface.—Goode. The skipper reaches a length of 18 inches, and is a good,wholesome food-fish. Cololabis brevirostris is found on the California coast fromSan Francisco southward. It reaches a length of a foot or more,and is used to some extent as food. 246 THE SAND ROLLERS Family XXIV. Percopsidce This small family is of special interest because it combineswith ordinary Salmonoid characters the structure of the head andmouth of the Percoids, as may be seen by the accompanymgillustration. Only 2 genera known, each with a single species.Percopsis gutlatus, the common sand roller or trout perch, is found
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in lakes and suitable streams from Lake Champlain and the Del-aware River, west to Kansas and Assiniboia. It prefers cold,clear waters, and is most abundant in the Great Lakes, particu-larly in Lakes Michigan and Superior. It spawns in the spring,at which time it runs into tributary streams in great numbers.Mr. Andrew Halkett, Naturalist of the Department of Marine andFisheries, Ottawa, informs us that immense numbers are seen inthe Moira River every spring. Though reaching a length of only 6 or 8 inches, the sandroller takes the hook readily, and is used as a pan-fish. Wehave seen boys on the Chicago piers catching them in greatnumbers. Columbia transmontana is known only from theUmatilla River at Umatilla, Oregon, and the Walla Walla River atWallula, Washington, both places in the Columbia River Basin- 247 THE SILVERSIDES Family XXV. Atherhiidce The silversides are interesting carnivorous fishes, mostly ofsmall size, living in great schools near the shore in temperate andtropical se
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