Image from page 817 of “Social England : a record of the progress of the people in religion, laws, learning, arts, industry, commerce, science, literature and manners, from the earliest times to the present day” (1901) – more Marine Life goodness curated by www.SardineRunPE.co.za
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Title: Social England : a record of the progress of the people in religion, laws, learning, arts, industry, commerce, science, literature and manners, from the earliest times to the present day
Year: 1901 (1900s)
Authors: Traill, H. D. (Henry Duff), 1842-1900 Mann, James Saumarez, 1851-
Publisher: New York : Putnam
Contributing Library: University of California Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive
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Text Appearing Before Image:
life-saving apparatusof Qxptain G. W. Manby, RIST. This was the prototype of themodern rocket apparatus, and it consisted of a projectile,which, being attached to a line, was thrown from a mortar insuch a manner as to carry the line across a wreck lying withina moderate distance of the point of discharge. Peril fromwater was scarcely, however, in those days of wooden ships,more pressing than peril froin tire; and to cope with this,Lieutenant Jekyll, RN., in 1811, perfected a method of trans- 742 ENGLANDS STRUGGLE FOB EXISTENCE. ferring the coinmon hand-pump then used in ships into apowerful fire-engine, which would throw a column of waterover a 20-gun ships top-gallant yard. It Avas worked onboard the Royal William, by seven men, and found to throwa stream 76 ft. vertically and 108 ft. diagonally ; but far betterresults were attained when the water of three pumps wasunited in a receiver with a single discharging pipe. There-upon, it was fitted in the Venerable and Tigre, and all other
Text Appearing After Image:
LINE OF BATTLE SHIP OF THE EARLY XINETEEXTH CEXTlllV.(From a model, hy iiermission of Mrs. Edenborough. Victoria and Albert Mtiseuvi.) NavalStrength. ships of war were ordered to be supplied with it as they shouldcome into port for repair. The total vote for the Navy in 1803 was £10,211.378, andthe number of seamen and marines maintained in the lattermonths of that year was 100,000. In the last year of the war thesupplies amounted to £10,032,700, and the maximum numberof seamen and marines maintained to 90,000. But in some ofthe intervening 3^ears a far larger number of men had beenemployed. In 1812, for example, it had been 145,000. Between1803 and 1815, moreover, the number of officers naturallygrew enormousl}-. The admirals on the active list increased THE CHURGH. 743 1815] from 45 to 70; the vice-admirals, from 36 to 73; the rear-admirals, from 51 to 76 ; the post-captains, from 668 to 824;the commanders, from 413 to 762 ; the lieutenants, from 2,480to 3,211 ; and the masters, f
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