Image from page 31 of “Sea-shore life; The invertebrates of the New York coast” (1905) – more Marine Life goodness curated by www.SardineRunPE.co.za
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Title: Sea-shore life; The invertebrates of the New York coast
Year: 1905 (1900s)
Authors: Mayor, Alfred Goldsborough, 1868-1922 New York Zoological Society
Subjects: Marine animals
Publisher: New York : The New York zoological society
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Smithsonian Libraries
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Text Appearing Before Image:
fragment of asponge is capable under favor-able conditions of regeneratinga perfect sponge. A Avell illustrated papergiving an account of the com-mercial sponges of Florida isgiven by Dr. H. M. Smith in Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, Vol. XVII, 1807, p. 225-240. Among non-commercial sponges, the Red Sponge, (Microcionn p7olifera, Figs, o, 4), is found in shallow water from South Carolina to Cape Cod, and is very abundant upon oyster and scallop shells in Long Island Sound. It can be at once recognized by its brilliant crimson color. When young it forms broad, thin incrustations, but later it gives rise to branches which may be four inches in height. The Boring Sponge, (Cliona sulphurea, Fig. 5), a sulphur-col-ored sponge, is very destructive to the shells of oysters, clams, etc. It comjDletely honeycombs and dissolves the shell, riddling it with galleries and holes, and finally growing over the outside. It is abundant along the shcn-es from. South Carolina to Cape Cod.
Text Appearing After Image:
Fig. 6; THE FINGER SPONGE, SalemHarbor, Massachusetts. SPONGES OH rOKlFEKA 29 The Finger Sponge, (Chaliyia oculata, Fig. 6), is dull red oryellow in color and grows upon rocks or shells, forming finger-shaped masses about six inches high. At intervals there are largeopenings on the sides of the sponge which serve to allow the escapeof water from the interior. This sponge is common north ofCape Cod at depths greater than fifteen- feet. Tlie Sulphur Sponge, (Suherites compaetaj, is a compact, heavysponge which grows on sandy bottoms oil the Long Island coast.When living it is bright 3ellow, but soondarkens into an ugly brown after death.The surface of the sponge is smooth, roundedand nodular. The Urn Sponge, (Grantia ciliata. Fig.7 ), is common in tide pools on Long Islandwhere it grows in clusters of little urn-shapedsiwnges, each urn being dull yellow, grayor drab in color, about one-half of an inchhigh, and with a large opening edged withspicules at tiie summit. It is found alongour
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